Public Health standards

What is 'public health'?

Public health is about taking steps to stop people from getting ill in the first place by preventing disease and helping people to stay healthy and active for as long as possible.

There are five standards within the Public Health domain. The aim is to reduce the variation between practices so, no matter which GP practice you go to in Salford, you know your GP is doing things in the best way. To read more about what standards you should expect in public health, please select from the menu on the left.

Health improvement

Salford has some of the worse health in the country. We are well above the national average for people drinking too much alcohol, smoking is still the main cause of premature death, and the main cause why people are not living as long as the national average is due to cardiovascular disease (disease of the heart or blood vessels), cancer and respiratory disease (disease of the airways). 

What you should expect from your GP practice:

  • Practice staff attend relevant training for NHS Health Checks
  • If you are aged 40-74, with no cardiovascular disease or diabetes, you will be offered a Salford NHS Health Check
  • If you are over 16 years old, you will have your alcohol intake assessed if you have not been screened in the last two years
  • If you score highly on the alcohol screening, you will be offered the relevant support or signposted to other services, such as the Salford Integrated Drug and Alcohol service, if appropriate
  • Every two years, you will be asked whether you smoke and, if so, be told how to get information and support if you want to quit
  • You will have your blood pressure recorded at least once every five years


Health screenings are tests that look for diseases before you have symptoms. Screening tests can find diseases early, when they're easier to treat.

What you should expect from your GP practice:

  • GP practices will work with the Area Team to increase the number of people screened for bowel and cervical cancers
  • If you are invited to a screening and do not attend, your practice will follow this up by inviting you to attend again

Health protection

The best way to protect people from many preventable diseases is immunisation.

What you should expect from your GP practice:

  • You will be offered the flu vaccination if you are:
    • Aged 65 and over
    • Have a long-term health condition and classed to be ‘at risk’
    • Children aged 2 to 3 years old
    • Pregnant
    • Registered carers
  • If you are aged 65 and over, you will be offered the pneumococcal vaccination to help protect against infections like pneumonia, meningitis and septicaemia
  • If you do not attend your vaccination appointment, your practice will invite you again
  • Your practice will record if you have had the vaccinations

Sexual health

Chlamydia is the most commonly diagnosed sexually transmitted infection (STI) in the UK, affecting both men and women. Untreated chlamydia can lead to pelvic inflammatory disease, ectopic pregnancy and infertility.  Young people, aged between 15-24 years, should be tested for chlamydia annually, or when they change sexual partner.

What you should expect from your GP practice:

  • Your practice willbe registered with the Greater Manchester STI screening support service, RUClear
  • Your practice will offer opportunistic or targeted chlamydia screening to all 15-24 year olds
  • You will be offered/signposted to where you can get contraception and sexual health services

Last updated March 2018.